As the number of legal users of marijuana and cannabis grows, the active ingredients in these plants are becoming increasingly interesting. These include cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). These are two natural constituents that have been found in plants from the genus Cannabis.
CBD is primarily found in hemp extract. It is sold as gels, oils, extracts, supplements and more.
THC is the main physical active ingredient in marijuana. It is usually ingested by smoking marijuana. It is also available in oils, capsules, tinctures, even food. In simple terms, it's exactly what sticks.
The two components interact with your body, but they have different effects. After reading this article, you'll know which one to choose and what effects to expect.
CBD or THC: chemical structure
Both of these components have the same molecular structure: 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. The slight difference in the arrangement of these atoms significantly affects the effect that each substance produces on our body.
Both of these components interact in the same way and affect the same receptors. This is what affects the neurons of the brain, which subsequently affects the cells of this main human organ on a chemical level.
CBD or THC: psychotropic substances
Despite their similar structure, CBD and THC produce very different effects on humans. THC directly affects the CB1 receptors in the brain and gives a feeling of euphoria. CBD also acts on the same receptor, but "muffles" it, which can make it hard for the effects of THC to take hold. This makes CBD less of a euphoric effect, but it also balances it out and makes it more gentle and "lazy". CBD has no psychotropic components and has no effect on the psyche. This means that pure CBD does not give everyone the well-known feeling of euphoria or "high". Every cannabis plant contains both of these ingredients in varying ratios, depending on the variety, which makes each bush unique.
CBD or THC: the legality
The legality of these substances is regularly debated in the United States. All forms of cannabis are illegal in states that have not legalized them. Marijuana and THC are on the list of controlled substances.
However, 20 states and Washington County have legalized high THC marijuana for medical use. A prescription must be written by a physician.
In addition, nine states and Washington County have legalized recreational marijuana use, but in general it is illegal.
In those states where marijuana is legal, you can buy CBD legally as well. In some states, CBD is legal for medical purposes.
If you want, you can buy any product that contains cannabis in states where it is legal for medical purposes or in states where it is considered legal for recreational purposes. But, if you don't have a medical prescription for it or purchase it in states where it is illegal, you will face legal penalties.
CBD or THC: medical properties
CBD and THC have many similar medical properties. They can help with many diseases. But CBD does not have the euphoric effects that THC has. Many people prefer to use CBD because it doesn't have that side effect.
In June 2018, the Food and Drug Organization in the United States approved the first prescription drug Epidiolex as containing CBD. It should be used to control rare cases of epilepsy.
CBD is used to relieve a variety of conditions, such as:
- acute pain;
- psychosis and mental illness;
- intestinal inflammation;
THC is used in cases such as:
- muscle spasms;.
- decreased appetite;
CBD or THC: side effects
CBD is well tolerated, even in high doses. Any side effects may be caused by interactions between CBD and other medications or drugs.
THC may have the following side effects:
- Increased heart rate;
- coordination problems;
- dry mouth;
- red eyes;
- delayed reaction time;
- memory loss.
These side effects are part of the effects of psychotropic substances. But no component is fatal. Although with long-term use, THC can have effects on the psyche, especially if the substance is used in large quantities. It can lead to various mental disorders, even schizophrenia.
CBD or THC: drug test
CBD and THC cannabinoids accumulate in a person's fat, so they can be detected even weeks after use.
Not every drug test will detect the presence of CBD. Most modern tests are designed to detect specifically THC. Also, THC can be detected if you have been using CBD-containing drugs but have not been taking THC.
Does CBD oil get you high?
CBD and THC are the two most important components that are always present in cannabis. We must not forget that Marihuana and industrial Hemp are different plants. Although they have both CBD and THC in their composition, the concentration of these substances is very different. Marijuana has a higher concentration of THC (up to 35%) and industrial hemp has a higher concentration of CBD (with a THC level of less than 1%).
Average quality marijuana contains about 12% THC. From what has been said above, it is easy to conclude that today's popular dietary supplements and other CBD concentrates are made from industrial hemp. Such CBD oils have no more than 0.3 percent THC, which is obviously not enough to make you feel high or euphoric.
CBD and THC have different medical properties. Both substances are considered relatively safe for humans. They can have different side effects, accumulate in the body, and can be detected with a drug test.